Scriptural Evidence For The Trinity?

 

This document contains a partial listing of scriptural references that support the Trinity doctrine. All quotes are KJV. Our comments pertaining to the Scriptures are in italics. All emphases are ours.

1. The Father, Son and Holy Spirit are Called "God," but There is Only One True God.

It is true that the word "trinity" is not found in the Bible. However, the doctrine of the Trinity can be summarized in a series of four statements which, in turn, are directly supported by Scripture. These statements are:

A. There is a Person called the "Father" who is also called "God."

B. There is a Person called the "Son" who is also called "God."

C. There is a Person called the "Holy Spirit" who is also called "God."

D. There is one, and only one, true God.

If these four statements can be shown to be true from the Bible, then the doctrine of the Trinity is supported. If any of the statements is not supported by Scripture, the doctrine of the Trinity is false.

NOTE: Scripture should always be studied in context. Never be content to simply read a verse and think you know what it means. For the verses presented here, please study them in context.

A. There is a Person called the "Father" who is also called "God."

"...One God and Father of all who is above all and through all and in you all" (Eph. 4:6).

[This point hardly needs to be made, since no one argues that the Father is not God.]

B. There is a Person called the "Son" who is also called "God."

1. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God... And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth" (John 1:1,14).

2. "And Thomas answered and said unto him (Jesus), My Lord and my God " (John 20:28).

3. "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God which he hath purchased with his own blood" (Acts 20:28).

4. "Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God, but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men" (Phil. 2:5-7).

5. "And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life" (1 John 5:20).

6. [The writer to the Hebrews quoted from the Psalm 45:6,7;] "But unto the Son, He saith; Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of Thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above all thy fellows" (Hebrews 1:8,9).

 

C. There is a Person called the "Holy Spirit" who is also called "God."

1. The Holy Spirit is a person since He has a mind (Rom. 8:27), has love (Rom. 15:30), has a will (1 Cor. 12:11), appoints overseers (Acts 20:28), teaches (John 14:26) and speaks (1 Tim. 4:1). He is even quoted in Acts 13:2 and Acts 10:19-20. Personifications (of wisdom, death, etc.) are never quoted in Scripture as giving commands, which are then received and obeyed.

"As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them " (Acts 13:2).

"...the Spirit said unto him, Behold three men seek thee. Arise therefore, and get thee down, and go with them, doubting nothing: for I have sent them " (Acts 10:19-20).

2. "But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost and to keep back part of the price of the land? . . . thou hast not lied unto men but unto God " (Acts 5:3-4). [You cant lie to a title, manifestation or attribute. The Holy Spirit is a Person Who is called God.]

3. "...Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the veil shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty" (2 Cor. 3:16-17).

D. There is one, and only one, true God.

1. "Hear O Israel, the LORD our God is one LORD" (Deut. 6:4). Literally, it reads; "The YHWH our Elohim (plural God) is one LORD." The Hebrew word "one" is Echod, the same word used in Genesis 2:24, where God said Adam and Eve "shall be one flesh."

2. Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the LORD, and beside me there is no saviour" (Isaiah 43:10-11).

3. "Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God" (Isa. 44:6).

4. ". . . Is there a God beside me? Yea, there is no God; I know not any" (Isa. 44:8).

5. "Thou, even thou, art LORD alone . . ." (Neh. 9:6).

2. The Persons of the Trinity Possess the Characteristics of God.

A. Eternity

1. The Son is eternal.

a. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God" (John 1:1-2).

b. "But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting" (Micah 5:2).

c. "And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me ...I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last" (Rev 22:12-13; compare with Isaiah 44:6 and Rev. 1:8).

2. The Holy Spirit is eternal.

"How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?" (Hebrews 9:14). In Rom.16:26 the same word "aionios" is used with "God" and translated "...the everlasting God.").

B. Omnipresence

1. The Son of God is Omnipresent.

"For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them" (Matt. 18:20).

 

2. The Holy Spirit is Omnipresent.

"Whither shall I go from thy spirit? Or whither shall I flee from thy presence? If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there; if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there" (Psalm 139:7-8).

C. Omniscience

1. The Son of God is omniscient.

"...Lord, thou knowest all things, thou knowest that I love thee" (John 21:17).

2. The Holy Spirit is omniscient.

"For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so, the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God" (1 Cor. 2:11).

D. Omnipotence

1. The Son of God is omnipotent.

a. "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made" (John 1:3).

b. "For by him were all things created, that are in heaven and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him and for him" (Col. 1:16). (Creation of the universe demands omnipotence).

2. The Holy Spirit is omnipotent.

"The Spirit of God hath made me..." (Job 33:4).

E. Sinlessness

[Only God is sinless]

1. Jesus is sinless.

a. "For He hath made Him to be sin for us, Who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him" (2 Corinthians 5:21). [Jesus had to be God to be sinless and Holy.]

b. 1 John 2:1: "We have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous." [Compare with Jesus own statement in Matt. 19:17; "And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God . . .".]

2. The Holy Spirit is sinless.

"And declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead" (Romans 1:4). (Again, this point hardly needs to be made - the perfect holiness of the Spirit is everywhere evident in Scripture. He can be sinned against (Acts 5:3-4) but He is utterly without sin Himself. The Bible never even hints at the possibility that He could sin.)

 

3. Other Biblical Evidence.

A. The Great Commission (Matt. 28:19-20)

"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost..."

B. The Incarnation (Luke 1:35)

"And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee. Therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. "

C. Jesus' Baptism (Matt. 3:16-17)

"And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting upon him. And lo a voice from heaven saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. "

D. The Promise of the Spirit (John 14:16)

"And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, [like I am, on the same par with Me], that He may abide with you forever."

E. The Corinthian Blessing (2 Cor. 13:14)

"The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen."

F. The Praise of the Seraphim (Isaiah 6:3)

Isaiah 6:3 records the seraphim calling, "Holy, holy, holy." Might not each "holy" be directed at One of the Persons present in the Godhead?

G. Peters Greeting to Christians (1 Peter 1:2)

"Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification

of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ."

H. Biblical References to the Plurality of the Godhead

Gen. 1:26 "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness."

Gen. 1:7 "Come, let us go down and confound their language."

In Eccl. 12 we read: "Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth." [The word "Creator" is "Boreacho," which means "Creators" (plural)].

 

4. Other Verses to Consider

Psalm 110:1 "The LORD (Yahweh) said unto my Lord (la-Adonai), Sit Thou on My right hand until I make thine enemies Thy footstool." These are Gods words. They describe two Persons, not one.

Heb. 1:13 "But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?" (The form of the question makes it clear God has said this to none of the angels, but to Jesus Christ alone, who is not an angel!)

1 Peter 3:21-22 " . . . by the resurrection of Jesus Christ: Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him." (Angels are subject to Jesus.)

Prov. 30:4 "What is his (Gods) Sons name, if thou canst tell." Even in the Old Testament, the Bible refers to God and His Son.

Isaiah 53:2, 6,10,12

"For He (Jesus) shall grow up before Him (The Father) as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: He hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him." "All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD (God the Father) hath laid on him (Jesus) the iniquity of us all." "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; He hath put Him to grief: when Thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand." "He (The Father) shall see of the travail of his (The Sons) soul, and shall be satisfied: by His knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities." "Therefore will I (Father) divide him (Son) a portion with the great, and he (Son) shall divide the spoil with the strong; because He (Son, Jesus) hath poured out his soul unto death: and He was numbered with the transgressors; and He bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors."

Daniel 7:13, 14

"And I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man (God the Son) came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of Days (God the Father), and they brought Him (Jesus) near before Him (God the Father). And there was given Him (Jesus) dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages should serve Him: His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom that which shall not be destroyed."

John 14:10-11 "Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not for myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works sake."


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